SOCIAL IMPACT

SOCIETY & ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: ARCHIVE

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Richard Dawkins: Why AI might run the world better than humans (The Robotic Age – 2017-09 – Big Think)

REVIEW THESE INFORMATIVE ARTICLES FROM 2017 – AND READ THOSE THAT INTEREST YOU

AI is our future. but will it save or destroy humanity? (AI: Good or Bad - 2017-09 - Futurism)

A good but superficial overview of the benefits and dangers of our inevitable future with AI, referencing the current proponents and opponents.

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AI neural networks can be used to generate undetectable, sophisticated reviews (Dangers of AI - 2017-08 - Business Insider)

Researchers from the University of Chicago have written a paper that shows how AI can be used to develop sophisticated reviews that are not only undetectable using contemporary methods but are also considered highly reliable by unwitting readers. They can be generated using a deep learning technique called recurrent neural networks, after being trained with thousands of real online reviews that are freely available online. A potential way to detect them would be to use character frequency analysis.

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Book by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee: Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future (The Robotic Age - 2017-07 - TechRepublic)

MIT experts say we’ve entered “the second wave of the second machine age,” in which AI has exceeded expectations. The areas that AI will not easily handle include setting priorities and people management.

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Fear of losing job to AI is #1 cause of work stress (Job Loss - 2017-06 - TechRepublic)

More than 50% of US workers feel more stress than in 2016, with the fear of losing their job to AI the top stressor in the workplace. Outside of work, employees were most stressed by the current political climate, while inside the workplace they also felt unskilled for changing job demands. Training and development, meditation, and exercise were the top ways employees were combating stress.

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Organizations with initiatives for developing AI best practices and harnessing AI for social good (AI Benefitting Society - 2017-05 - TechRepublic)

In September 2016, Facebook, Microsoft, IBM, Amazon, and Google announced the creation of a “Partnership on AI to Benefit People and Society” (Partnership on AI), a nonprofit formed to “study and formulate best practices on AI technologies, to advance the public’s understanding of AI, and to serve as an open platform for discussion and engagement about AI and its influences on people and society.” Apple joined the partnership as a founding member in January 2017. 22 new organizations are joining including eBay, Intel, McKinsey, Salesforce, SAP, Sony, and 14 non-profits.

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The impact of AI in the next decade needs to be a priority issue for government leaders today (Societal Disruption - 2017-05 - Snips)

The magnitude of the impact of AI in the next decade is way beyond anything we ever imagined. It is the real issue facing our government leaders today, as failure to transition to a sustainable AI society will lead to massive job loss and economic downturn. AI can recognize what is in an image; Beat the world champion at Go; Reproduce the style of any master artist; Understand natural language queries; Automate your house; Drive your car; Diagnose cancer better than a doctor; Recognize your kids in a picture better than you can yourself. Humans and Machines must be thought of as complementary. Many jobs will be transformed rather than disappear. Many high-paid jobs will also disappear. Solving the AI and Job crisis involves providing mass continuous education. We will change jobs as easily as we move houses.

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80% Of consumers are excited about the way AI will change their lives (Societal Disruption - 2017-05 - TechRepublic)

Some 80% of leading-edge consumers said they are excited about how technology developments such as AI, machine learning, and on-demand everything will impact their lives, according to a new report from Lippincott. These consumers embrace personalization over privacy and said they feel empowered by the constant support available from smart machines, AI, and robotics. Businesses can capitalize on this information about the customer of the future when making decisions about integrating AI and new technologies into products.

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Stephen Hawking issues familiar warning to China against AI (Dangers of AI - 2017-04 - New Tech for Old India)

“I believe there is no real difference between what can be achieved by a biological brain and what can be achieved by a computer,” said Hawking in a video appearance at the 2017 Global Mobile Internet Conference Beijing. “Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete and could be superseded by AI,” he added. Leading Chinese companies in the ‘new’ economy are knee-deep in AI. Baidu (the Chinese equivalent of Google), Didi (China’s Uber rival), and Tencent (a maker of games and owner of messaging app giant WeChat) all have their own AI labs. Baidu apparently has as many as 1,300 staff in its AI division and is targeting a launch of its own self-driving cars in 2020.

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What happens when self-driving happens (Societal Disruption - 2017-04 - Medium.com)

Fully autonomous driving has the potential to have as large an effect on our way of living as the car itself did. Ride-sharing allows purchasers to amortize the large capital cost over many drivers and high utilization, although safety drivers will be around for a long time. Adoption is going to be high as there becomes little incentive to own a car. Social impacts include Accident Avoidance (37,000 Americans die annualy in car accidents; 1.3m globally; 100x injured); Revamping of Insurance Industry; Commute times go down; Elimination of parking space frees land but reduces municipal revenue and policing time; c45% reduction in energy demand across all road transportation. Opportunities for new transportation technologies.

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The Zero Law by Corey deVos (Control of Robots - 2017-04 - Integral Life)

Isaac Asimov’s 1942 “Three Laws of Robotics” formulated a set of logical parameters for rational ethical behavior that could be programmed into any artificial intelligence: 0) A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm. 1) A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2) A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3) A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.

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