The term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ (‘AI’) was first used by Dartmouth College’s John McCarthy in 1956. There are several accepted definitions. One of the simplest (from Merriam-Webster) is: “The capability of a machine to imitate intelligent human behavior” (although some would suggest that “intelligent human behavior” is a rather rare commodity). In fact, AI has now gone far further than just imitating human behavior – what it has done is to start by replicating the behavior, and then to learn to perform far better than any human can.
Some of the tasks that AI can now perform better than most (if not all) humans include:
- Visual perception (e.g. facial recognition, diagnostic imaging)
- Decision-making (e.g. autonomous vehicle operation)
- Language translation (starting in 1954 with English to Russian, and now encompassing over 100 languages)
- Game-playing (Chess in 1996 by IBM’s Deep Blue, Jeopardy in 2011 by IBM’s Watson, GO in 2016 by Google’s AlphaGo)
- General learning (e.g. selecting personal preferences)
AI involves software that implements a number of complex algorithms that may include processing massive amounts of data. It is used to control moving, physical devices, and these applications are referenced in this website as either Robotics (i.e. ground) or Drone (more precisely, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Technologies.
AI impacts almost every job in every industry; so, in this technology section of the website, separate pages are assigned to those industries that are most impacted currently:
- Transport (Autonomous Vehicles only)
This page includes videos and articles that relate to AI generally. Industries that do not fall into the four assigned separate pages are included in the AI-Miscellaneous page.
LEARN FROM THESE YOUTUBE VIDEOS
... AND LEARN MORE FROM THESE ADDITIONAL VIDEOS
The transformation of law through technology (Law – 2019-07 – ZDNet)
Autonomous hotel room picks you up at home, and takes you to your hotel (Service/Hotel – 2019-01 – CNet)
Ray Kurzweil: Wide-ranging interview (AI/Forecasting – 2018-03 – SXSW)
Regulating AI may be premature, and should be sector-specific (AI – 2018-03 – ZDNet)
Getting started with artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI – 2018-02 – ZDNet)
Google CEO Sundar Pichai interview at the 2018 World Economic Forum (AI – 2018-01 – World Economic Forum)
Richard Dawkins: Why AI might run the world better than humans (AI – 2017-09 – Big Think)
REVIEW THESE INFORMATIVE ARTICLES - AND READ THOSE THAT INTEREST YOU
Research Report: Automation and AI: How machines are affecting people and places (2019-06 - Brookings Institute)
The Brookings Institution report analyzes the impacts of automation for 1980-2016 and forecasts them for 2016-2030, affecting people and communities in the US. The focus is areas of potential occupational change rather than net employment losses or gains.
AI will affect one in every five jobs in Asia, eliminating one in eight (Job Loss - 2019-05 - MIT Technology Review)
AI will be a major growth driver for Asia in the coming decade. Most companies are expecting headcount to increase. AI will affect one in every five jobs in Asia—eliminating one in eight. AI will produce winner and loser countries, depending upon their economy.
The creative future of AI’s role in generating on-demand, customized content (Media - 2019-05 - Singularity Hub)
AIs are now generating content generation, film and music, developing new plotlines, and inserting your favorite actors – dead or alive. Over the next decade, entertainment will undergo its greatest revolution yet. As AI converges with VR and crashes into democratized digital platforms, we will soon witness the rise of everything from edu-tainment, to interactive game-based storytelling, to immersive worlds, to AI characters and plot lines created on-demand, anywhere, for anyone, at almost zero cost.
Meet Tengai, the job interview robot who won't judge you (Service/HR - 2019-03 - BBC)
The world’s first robot designed to carry out unbiased job interviews is being tested by Swedish recruiters. Tengai is the brainchild of Stockholm’s Furhat Robotics. Measuring 16in tall and weighing 7.7lbs, the head sits on a table across from the candidate. The goal is to offer job interviews that are free from any of the unconscious biases that managers and recruiters can often bring to the hiring process.
PepsiCo is "Relentlessly automating" its workforce (Manufacturing - 2019-02 - Gizmodo)
PepsiCo is investing its $4.9 billion 2018 annual profits in spending $2.5 billion (mostly on severance payments) to restructure the company by laying off many of its 263,000 employees and automating its warehouse and factory equipment.
The rise of the robot reporter (Media/Newspapers - 2019-02 - New York Times)
About 1/3rd of Bloomberg News content uses automated technology, churning out thousands of articles on company earnings reports. Robot reporters have been prolific producers of articles on sports results, and on earthquakes and political donations.
Concept: Autonomous hotel room picks you up and delivers you to your hotel (Service/Hotel - 2019-01 - USA Today)
Aprilli Design Studio introduces the autonomous hotel room concept, complete with basic sleeping, working and washroom functions, which you order like a Uber, and which takes you to your destination with stops and with drone roof-top deliveries.
Examples of AI advances in various industries (AI - 2018-11 - Zeitguide)
A flowchart to determine what is and is not AI (AI - 2018-11 - MIT Technology Review)
Machine learning in its infancy (AI - 2018-11 - TechCrunch)
90% of firms already using AI to boost customer experience and increase revenue (AI - 2018-11 - TechRepublic.com)
What is Machine Learning (AI - 2018-11 - MIT Technology Review)
WeChat enables a cashless society in China (AI - 2018-11 - Stansberry Research)
20 terrifying uses of AI (AI - 2018-08 - TechRepublic)
AI is replacing white collar office jobs: 3 Case Studies (AI - 2018-07 - TechRepublic)
Everything you need to know about Machine Learning (AI - 2018-05 - ZDNet)
A comprehensive guide to machine learning, including a definition, its relation to AI, the main types (supervised learning, unsupervised learning, semi-supervised learning, reinforcement learning), neural networks, deep learning, its success and uses, AlphaGo, inherent bias, best courses, and online services.