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REVIEW THESE INFORMATIVE ARTICLES FROM 2017 – AND READ THOSE THAT INTEREST YOU

Over 30% of all American jobs to be lost to automation by 2030 (AI - 2017-12 - Big Think)

McKinsey Global Institute, a think tank that specializes in business and economics, forecasts that nearly 70 million U.S. workers would have to find new occupations by 2030, due to advances in robotics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Employing humans will become an illogical option in some professions. People would need retraining or enter completely new fields.

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Ray Kurzweil's latest forecasts (AI - 2017-10 - Futurism)

Ray Kurzweil is estimated to be 86% accurate in predicting the future, which he envisions marked by decentralization of both the physical and mental: – Singularity still at 2045. – Robots as smart as humans by 2029. – VR will advance so that physical workplaces will become obsolete. – By the early 2030s, we will be able to copy human consciousness onto an electronic medium; hence eternal existence. – WiFi available worldwide. – Most major diseases eradicated during the 2020s.

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By 2020, AI to make 1.8 million jobless, but will create 2.3 million new jobs (AI - 2017-10 - TechRepublic)

Gartner opened its flagship conference with the statement that, by 2020, AI will automate 1.8 million people out of work, but it will create 2.3 million jobs. No supporting details were supplied. Gartner’s underlying assumption is that AI is going to play a complementary role to a lot of workers, making them faster, more efficient, and more productive.

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What happens when AI built with good intentions goes bad? (AI - 2017-09 - TechRepublic)

More than 100 leaders of AI companies, including Elon Musk, have signed an open letter to the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, voicing their concern that companies building AI systems may convert the technology into autonomous weapons. Like most technology, there is a fine line between good and evil in its use. Academics are warning that complex AI systems are so unpredictable, it is possible for well-intentioned robotic environments, under certain conditions, to turn adversarial—even dangerous.

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Artificial Intelligence is our future. but will it save or destroy humanity? (AI - 2017-09 - Futurism)

A good but superficial overview of the benefits and dangers of our inevitable future with AI, referencing the current proponents and opponents.

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Why futurist Ray Kurzweil isn’t worried about technology stealing your job (AI - 2017-09 - Fortune)

Kurzweil sees the future as nuanced. He points out that we have already eliminated all jobs several times in human history, and that, for every job we eliminate, we’ve created more jobs at the top of the skill ladder. The issue is that you can’t describe the new jobs, because they’re in industries and concepts that don’t exist yet.

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Book by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee: Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future (AI - 2017-07 - TechRepublic)

MIT experts say we’ve entered “the second wave of the second machine age,” in which AI has exceeded expectations. The areas that AI will not easily handle include setting priorities and people management.

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Experts predict AI will exceed human performance in 45 years (AI - 2017-06 - MIT Technology Review)

An Oxford University research team surveyed 352 AI experts in 2015 to determine when they expected intelligent machines to be better than humans in all tasks (with a 50% probability). The median response was 45 years, with North American experts predicting 74 years and Asian experts 30 years. Note that the median response for machines to beat GO experts was 12 years, when in fact it took 2 years!

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AI could create 800,000+ jobs by 2021 (AI - 2017-06 - TechRepublic)

A new research report from IDC and Salesforce found that artificial intelligence could create more than 800,000 jobs by 2021, and have a $1.1 trillion impact on the global economy. The idea that AI will create more jobs than it replaces stands in stark contrast to other research from MIT and others that point to an opposing trend, with automation replacing workers. Public cloud vendors will be critical in delivering the AI solutions of the future, the report found.

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Fear of losing job to AI is #1 cause of work stress (AI - 2017-06 - TechRepublic)

More than 50% of US workers feel more stress than in 2016, with the fear of losing their job to AI the top stressor in the workplace. Outside of work, employees were most stressed by the current political climate, while inside the workplace they also felt unskilled for changing job demands. Training and development, meditation, and exercise were the top ways employees were combatting stress.

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Talk: Globalization vs technology-enabled disruption (AI - 2017-06 - Big Think)

The CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas argues that globalization is being blamed wrongly for job loss, where the culprit is actually technology-enabled disruption. This error will cause trade negotiations to focus on the wrong set of issues.

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Automation may be destroying jobs faster than it's creating new ones, but all hope isn't lost (AI - 2017-06 - TechRepublic)

Erik Brynjolfsson is an economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and co-author of The Second Machine Age, a book that asks what jobs will be left once the software has perfected the art of driving cars, translating speech and other tasks once considered the domain of humans. He believes that, as in the past, new jobs will replace those lost.

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Organizations with initiatives for developing AI best practices and harnessing AI for social good (AI - 2017-05 - TechRepublic)

In September 2016, Facebook, Microsoft, IBM, Amazon, and Google announced the creation of a “Partnership on AI to Benefit People and Society” (Partnership on AI), a nonprofit formed to “study and formulate best practices on AI technologies, to advance the public’s understanding of AI, and to serve as an open platform for discussion and engagement about AI and its influences on people and society.” Apple joined the partnership as a founding member in January 2017. 22 new organizations are joining including eBay, Intel, McKinsey, Salesforce, SAP, Sony, and 14 non-profits.

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The impact of AI in the next decade needs to be a priority issue for government leaders today (AI - 2017-05 - Snips)

The magnitude of the impact of AI in the next decade is way beyond anything we ever imagined. It is the real issue facing our government leaders today, as failure to transition to a sustainable AI society will lead to massive job loss and economic downturn. AI can recognize what is in an image; Beat the world champion at Go; Reproduce the style of any master artist; Understand natural language queries; Automate your house; Drive your car; Diagnose cancer better than a doctor; Recognize your kids in a picture better than you can yourself. Humans and Machines must be thought of as complementary. Many jobs will be transformed rather than disappear. Many high-paid jobs will also disappear. Solving the AI and Job crisis involves providing mass continuous education. We will change jobs as easily as we move houses.

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What happens when everything is automated (AI - 2017-04 - ZDNet)

Bob Reselman researches the impact of automation on jobs. His concern is not that lots of people will be out of work, but how will people spend their time.

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7.5 million Canadian jobs at risk over next decade (AI - 2017-02 - CBCNews)

Sunil Johal, policy director at the Mowat Centre think-tank at the University of Toronto, says millions of Canadians — between 1.5 million and 7.5 million, many of them highly skilled workers — could lose their jobs during the next decade because of rapid technological advances, including in artificial intelligence and robotics, and the potential for automating increasingly sophisticated tasks. Nobody should consider their job “safe.”

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45% of 27 million US jobs to be automated soon (AI - 2017-02 - freeCodeCamp)

In 2013, two Oxford economists forecasted that 45% of all US jobs could be automated within the next 20 years, and were ignored but now seem realistic. Transportation and warehousing employ 5 million Americans, including 2.5 million truck, car and bus drivers, whose jobs will shortly be lost. 8 million Americans work as retail salespeople and cashiers, and US restaurants employ 14 million people. Many of these jobs will soon be automated too.

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How robots will change employment forever (AI - 2017-01 - Business Insider)

ManpowerGroup, one of the world’s largest jobs companies, released a report detailing how the technological revolution is going to change the employment market forever. It surveyed more than 18,000 employers across 43 countries and six industry sectors. Survey results were 64% no headcount change, 19% increase, 12% decrease. Need to be identified for new skill training.

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REVIEW THESE INFORMATIVE ARTICLES FROM 2016 – AND READ THOSE THAT INTEREST YOU

Tech titans join forces to stop AI from behaving badly (AI - 2016-09 - MIT Technology Review)

A new organization called the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society will seek to foster public dialogue and create guidelines for developing AI so that systems do not misbehave. The companies involved include Google and its subsidiary DeepMind, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft, and IBM. The partnership is founded on eight tenets or principles, including the idea that AI should benefit as many people as possible; that the public should be involved in its development; that research should be conducted in an open way, and that AI system should be able to explain their reasoning.

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42% Canadian jobs likely affected by automation (AI - 2016-06 - CBCNews)

A report from the Brookfield Institute for Innovation + Entrepreneurship at Ryerson University (Toronto) estimated that 42% of Canadian jobs would be affected over the next 20 years as automation is applied to cognitive, non-routine tasks and occupations. Workers in the most susceptible jobs typically earn less and have lower education levels than the rest of the Canadian labour force.

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AI history from Greek myths to 4th century BCE to the 2000s, and on to 'history in the making (AI - 2010-01 - AITopics)

A brief history of AI with many reference links: Starting with Ancient History (Greek mythology; Moving to 4th Century BCE, and 13th to 19th Century; Then more detail for the first half of the 20th Century) and Modern History (1956-2000s) with a link to AITopics Home Page for history in the making!

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